How To Take Care of a Bug Bite or Sting

Insect bites and stings are mostly mild. They can cause itchiness and inflammation that usually disappear within one day or two, even without treatment. However, some bites or stings carry viruses, bacteria, or parasites that could cause infections in humans. Bees, wasps, yellow jackets, fire ants, bed bugs, and other stinging insects can cause anaphylaxis (a life-threatening allergic reaction). Do not forget the irritating mosquitoes that leave inflamed and swollen bite marks on your skin even when they don’t cause infection. The good news is that there are ways to effectively deal with stings and bites. Read on to find out what to do for a bug bite.

First Aid for Stings and Bites

Below are effective tips on how to take care of a sting:

  • To avoid more injury from bug bites or stings, move away from an infested area and do not disturb the insects.
  • If an embedded stinger needs to be removed, you should use a flat-edged object rather than tweezers. Squeezing a stinger might discharge more venom.
  • Clean the bite area gently using soap and water.
  • Wrap ice packs using a clean cloth or a cold bandage and cover the affected area for around ten minutes. This reduces pain and inflammation.
  • Apply baking soda paste, calamine lotion, or hydrocortisone cream (0.5% or 1%) to the area of the bite several times daily. Calamine lotion is a kind of antihistamine cream.
  • Take oral pain relievers and antihistamines such as loratadine (Claritin), nonprescription cetirizine, or fexofenadine (Allegra Allergy).
  • If you feel unwell, or the inflammation worsens, and you notice the affected area has signs of an infection, seek medical assistance immediately.

When To Seek Emergency Treatment

If you notice a severe allergic reaction, or you don’t know how to take care of a bug bite, call your local medical emergency number or 911 before taking any treatment measures. Older people and young children are most likely to have severe complications from scorpion stings. Symptoms of severe allergic reactions due to stings and hits may include:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Swollen eyelids, face, or lips, throat
  • Dizziness, unconsciousness, or fainting
  • A frail and fast pulse
  • Rashes and hives
  • Diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting

As you wait for medical help:

  • Inquire if the person has an epinephrine auto-injector and assist in injecting the medicine. To do this, press the injector on the thigh and hold it for some seconds.
  • Encourage the person to stay calm and lie down gently with their legs raised.
  • If the person starts to vomit, position them on their side to prevent choking.
  • Loosen any tight clothing.
  • Don’t give anything to drink.
  • If the injured person becomes unconscious and develops breathing problems, start CPR. Continue doing it until you get medical help.

Bottom Line

Bites and stings by insects and bugs can be unpleasant. First aid treatment is generally fine for mild bites and stings. Basic treatment on the bite area for slight bleeding, inflammation, pain and itching is enough. People with a severe reaction should get immediate medical assistance. Overall, prevention is the best medication; do not bother stinging insects, use repellants, and wear a protective covering when in infested areas.

Most importantly, contact a pest control company like Dependable Pest Solutions to help out. We offer residential and commercial pest removal services as well as preventative maintenance. For more information, call us today at (603) 948-2039 or fill out our online form, and our experienced and licensed technicians will get back to you ASAP.

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